Showing posts with label calcium. Show all posts

Osteoporosis Medications and Supplements Side Effects

osteoporosis medications
According to the National Osteoporosis Foundation, approximately 10 million Americans have been diagnosed with osteoporosis. While treatment of osteoporosis is not limited to oral medications, they play an important role in preventing bone loss, and in some cases increasing bone mass.

Side effects cause many patients to stop taking their osteoporosis medications, however, and this has drug makers working hard to find effective medications that are well-tolerated by patients.

An Unpleasant Side Effect of Calcium Supplements?

Experts at the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases state that most Americans do not have adequate dietary intake of calcium. The recommended daily intake of calcium for those with osteoporosis is 1200mg per day with 800IU of Vitamin D. Maintaining a diet that includes calcium-rich foods is one way to achieve this level and taking calcium supplements is another.

Although calcium is not scientifically proven to cause constipation, enough patients complain of the problem while taking supplements to warrant a caution. Not only is it important to ensure that the supplement contains enough elemental calcium, but also that the body will be able to absorb it. To avoid constipation, look for supplements with smaller doses of calcium taken more frequently such as 400mg three times a day. This works out well for taking the supplement at mealtimes which is also recommended for better absorption and to avoid stomach upset.

Hormone Replacement is not for Women with Heart Disease

Not so long ago Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) was a first line treatment for osteoporosis in post-menopausal women, and it is still an option for some of them. When the benefits outweigh the potential risks hormone replacement therapy can ease some uncomfortable menopausal symptoms while preventing further bone loss. For women with heart disease, however, the risks are just too high.

The Association of Women for the Advancement of Research and Education (AWARE) has compiled a list of possible side effects of HRT that includes increased risk of blood clots, stroke, and heart attack. While it was initially believed that HRT worked to prevent heart attacks, this assumption proved false. Women who have had one heart attack are twice as likely to have a second after starting HRT. This risk extends also to women who have never had a heart attack, giving them an increased risk of heart attack within the first year or two after initiating HRT.

Problems Tolerating Bisphosphonates

Bisphosphonate medications are effective at reducing bone loss and even improving bone density in the hip and spine. Like hormone therapy, however, they are not without side effects and sometimes they are severe enough to force discontinuation of treatment. Most are gastrointestinal in nature with nausea, esophageal inflammation, and difficulty swallowing. These side effects have led to the introduction of once-weekly or even once-monthly dosages of prescription osteoporosis medications such as Actonel and Boniva. For those who cannot tolerate even the once monthly dosages, there is also the option of a once-monthy infusion of Reclast.

A more serious but less frequent side effect of bisphosphonates is osteonecrosis of the jaw. Ninety-five percent of the cases reported were in patients with cancer receiving an intravenous bisphosphonate over several weeks. The risk for those taking oral bisphosphonates or a once-yearly infusion is much smaller. Patients should be sure to provide a list of medications to their dentists and continue regular dental check-ups.

Pharmaceutical companies continue their research to create new drugs and improve existing ones. With newer medications, only time will tell what side effect might occur. To avoid potential side effects with any medication, it is important for patients to bring a current medication list to each doctor visit and disclose any pre-existing medical conditions. This makes it easier to avoid any drug interactions and to identify any contraindications.

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Supply your Body with Necessary Chemicals

If your body is missing some essential substances or chemicals, you may have an increased appetite for certain products or meals. Here we will analyze the correlation between the increase petite of a person and the lack of a certain mineral or vitamin in the human body.

Appetite for: Chocolate
Lack of: Magnesium
Source: nuts, seeds, fruits, pulses and legumes.

Appetite for: Bread
Lack of: Nitrogen
Source: foods high in protein (fish, meat, nuts).

Appetite for: Sweets
Lack of: Glucose
Source: honey, sweet berries, vegetables and fruits.

Appetite for: fatty foods
Lack of: calcium
Source: broccoli, pulses and legumes, cheese, sesame

Appetite for: cheese
Lack of: calcium and phosphorus
Source: broccoli, milk, cheese

Appetite for: smoked
Lack of: cholesterol
Source: avocado, red fish, nuts, olives.

Appetite for: sour
Lack of: Vitamin C
Source: lemon, cranberry, kiwi, strawberry, rose, brussels sprouts, and others.

Healthy Nutrition

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Boost You Bone Strength Before Workout

Studies shows that an intake of calcium before exercise provides an instant bone boosting action. Core strength is great but imagine hanging it off a rock-solid frame and you'll be even more powerful and resistant.

Here is a recommendation that will safeguard vital calcium in your bones and make them less vulnerable to fracture. Researchers found that having a drink with 1g of calcium 20 minutes before cycling, running or training reduced the amount of the mineral that are lost while exercising. They tested two groups of endurance cyclists – one took a calcium drink and the other a placebo. Tests showed reduced calcium in both groups after three 35K time trials, but the calcium drinkers lost less. The experience proved that calcium salts make up about 70% of bone and provide its strength and stiffness. If levels drop, you run the risk of fragile bones and fractures.

Calcium Intake
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5 Methods to Rejuvenate your Heart

Persons with low HDL-cholesterol levels can have three times greater risk of heart disease. The key to increase HDL levels with routine changes is to respect the following strategies of living:

Drink Beer. Perhaps it is not the best for your abs, but it certainly has its benefits. Dutch researchers found that men who drank two pints a day increased their HDL levels by 7% after 10 days, and by 12% after three weeks. And this effect has been noticed over and over again.

HDL boosting

Use Calcium Supplements. The stronger your bones are, the stronger is your heart. People who took a daily 1,000-mg calcium supplement had a 7% rise in HDL levels, according to several studies. Calcium interferes with assimilation of fat from the diet and decreases fat mass in the body, both of which may help increase HDL.

HDL boosting

Do Squats Exercises. A research studied the impact of weight training on older men and its was proved that men who did lower-body work – squats, leg extensions, leg presses – twice a week for 16 weeks, raised their HDL levels by 19%. It is advisable to do three sets of six to eight reps of the half squat, leg extension and leg press, with a resting break of no more than two minutes between sets.

HDL boosting

Eat Nuts. In this case make sure you’re consuming out on macadamias, which Australian scientists found could increase HDL levels by 8% (eating 12 to16 nuts a day). Since macadamia nuts contain the highest percentage of monounsaturated fat of all nuts, this degree of HDL-raising effect may be unique

HDL boosting

Go for White Fish. Salmon and other oily fish are always good for your health, but white fish such as cod and haddock is also good. Researchers compared a diet of white fish with regular consumption of beef and chicken and the fish-eating persons experienced a 26% increase in HDL2, a protective form of HDL.

HDL boosting
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